swami-face

I Atma identifies itself with the five illusory Kosha or sheaths. Kosha are the coverings of the Atma. The five Koshas are – Annamaya, Pranamaya, Manomaya, Vijnanamaya, and Anandamaya. These five Kosha’s are inert so cannot be the Brahman – “I am not the Kosha” ‘I am not body” instead “I am Brahman”. It is the consciousness that lends sentiency to these inert objects. Annamaya Kosha (food sheath): This Kosha constitutes the physical body, which is formed of the essence of food grains, grows by the essence of food and merges into the earth, where it came from. Annamaya Kosha resides in the gross body. Pranamaya Kosha (Vital air sheath): The five physiological functions (Prana, Apana, Udana, Samana, and Vyana) and five organs of action or Karma-Indriyas (Speech, Grasp, Movement, Generation, and Excretion) constitute the Pranamaya Kosha. When identified with this Kosha, an individual says “I am hungry”, “I am thirsty” etc. This Kosha resides in the subtle body. Manomaya Kosha (Mental Sheath): The mind and five Jnana-Indriyas (Ear, Skin, Nose, Eye, and Tongue) together constitute the Manomaya Kosha. It is the source of enjoying pain, sufferings and pleasure. This Kosha resides in the subtle body. Vijnanmaya Kosha (Intellectual Sheath): The intellect and five Jnana-Indriyas together constitute the Manomaya Kosha. It is the determinative faculty that helps an individual to come to a final decision. It discriminates between right or wrong, real or unreal etc. This Kosha resides in the subtle body. Anandamaya Kosha (Blissful Sheath): This Kosha separates the individual Atma from the supreme soul. It contains the impression of love, happiness and passion. It is this Kosha that makes one feel “I am happy” or “I am enjoyer”. There are three types of Bodies: Gross body (Sthula Sharir): It’s the physical body made by the Apanchikrit Panch Mahabhutas. At the time of death the physical body perishes and the five elements are dissolved in earth. This body is inert and cannot be Brahmana. Subtle Body (Sukshma Sharir): It is home to mind and intellect. When a person dies, the soul leaves the gross body along with subtle body. This body is inert and cannot be Brahmana. Casual Body (Karan Sharir): Doorway to higher consciousness. At the time of death, both the causal and subtle bodies separate from the physical body. It is inert and cannot be Brahmana. PanchiKrit Panch Mahabhut: The five elements go through the process of combining together thus creates 25 tattva. The process itself is called as Panchi Karan, which means creating unique mixture of elements through the process of combination. Apanchi Krit Panch Mahabhut: When the five elements did not combine together to create the 25 Tattva, this state is called as Apanchi Krit Panch Mahabhut. 42 Tattvas are shown in diagram below: 42 Tattvas 14 Indriyas (Sense Organs) 14 Presiding Deities 14 Objects Perceived Five Jnanedriyas Five Karmendriyas Mind Intellect Chitta Ahamkara (Organs of Perception) (Organs of Action) Name of the Organs Presiding Deity Sense Object Perceived Srotra (Ears) Digpala (Guardian) Sound Jihwa (Tongue) Vayu (Air) Touch Caksu (Eyes) Surya (God of Light) Form and Colour Rasana (Tongue) Varun (God of Water) Taste Ghrana (Nose) Ashwini Kumar Smell Table 1: Five Organs of Perception Name of the Organs Presiding Deity Sense Object Perceived Vak (Speech) Fire Speak Pani (Hands) Indra Grasping Pada (Legs) Vishnu Locomotion Upastha (Genitals) Prajapati Procreation Guda (Anus) Yama Excretion of waste Table 2: Five Organs of Action Karan Presiding Deity Sense Object Perceived Mind Moon accepting, rejecting Intellect Brahma Decision making Chit Vasudeva Thought Process Ahamkara or Ego Rudra Ego or Aham 

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